Central Valley Biomass Power Plants Fined More Than $830,000 For Clean Air Act Violations

Central Valley Biomass Power Plants Fined More Than $830,000 For Clean Air Act Violations

Action Reduces Facilities Air Emissions By Up To 545 Tons Per Year

SAN FRANCISCO - The United States, on behalf of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and the San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District lodged consent decrees against two biomass power plants in Chowchilla and El Nido, Calif. The two companies have agreed to pay a combined civil penalty of $835,000 to resolve alleged violations of the federal Clean Air Act and District rules, including excess emissions of air pollutants such as nitrogen oxides—a precursor to ozone—and fine particulates.

“EPA is committed to doing our part to tackle the worst air quality in the nation. Today’s enforcement actions are a victory for human health,” said Jared Blumenfeld, EPA’s Regional Administrator for the Pacific Southwest. “San Joaquin Valley communities can now breathe easier as a result of the significant pollution controls won in these settlements.”

The settlements require the facilities to install devices to improve monitoring and reporting of air pollutants; enhance automation of the control systems for nitrogen oxides emissions; and prepare more stringent control plans to minimize emissions of air pollutants. As a part of this action, the companies have installed controls that reduce emissions of nitrogen oxides by up to 180 tons per year and carbon monoxide by up to 365 tons per year. The EPA and District will continue to monitor both facilities for an additional two years to ensure completion of all requirements.

Ampersand Chowchilla Biomass, LLC, (ACB), and Merced Power, LLC, (MP), located within 12 miles of each other in the San Joaquin Valley, are required to pay $328,000 and $492,000, respectively; EPA and the District will split the penalty equally. ACB is also required to pay an extra $15,000 to the District for a District-only violation.

After refurbishing the plants in 2007-2008, ACB and MP initiated operations in 2008. A joint investigation by the EPA and District found that ACB and MP violated the air permits issued to them by the District by:
· Emitting air pollutants including nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide, and carbon monoxide in excess of the permit limits;
· Failing to perform timely source testing to measure emissions of various air pollutants;
· Failing to properly install and operate emissions control systems for nitrogen oxides, a precursor to ozone; and
· Failing to certify the continuous emissions monitoring systems.

The plants also violated various District rules including requirements for emissions control plans. 

Biomass power plants use green waste from farms and other operations that would otherwise be subject to open burning, and construction debris that might have gone to a landfill, to generate power.

The San Joaquin Valley exceeds the national health standards for ozone and particulate matter. Nitrogen oxides react with other chemicals to form ozone and small particles, both harmful to the public’s health. Ozone and particulate matter affect the human respiratory system, and are linked to a variety of significant health problems ranging from aggravated asthma to premature death in people with heart and lung disease.

Both proposed consent decrees are subject to a 30-day public comment period and final approval by the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of California.A copy of each decree is available at: http://www.justice.gov/enrd/Consent_Decrees.html.
For more information on air pollutants, please visit: http://www.epa.gov/ebtpages/airairpollutants.html.
For more information on the Clean Air Act, please visit: http://www.epa.gov/air/caa.

2 comments (Add your own)

1. Shon wrote:
There are several ways to tone your cratsyl tuning fork. for the softest sound, tap tuning forks on a hard muscle such as the palm of your hand.Oscilent offer a full range of industry standard Surface Mount and Through Hole Ceramic Resonators both with and without internal capacitors. For standard Operating Temperatures (-20 C to 80 C). Fitted with temperature controlled cystal oscillator * 50Hz 40MHz (1 Meg Ohm) * 10MHz 2.8GHz (50 Ohm) * Sens:<1mV @ 150MHz * Display: 10 digit LCD * Interface: CI-V * Supply: Int Ni-Cads * Battery life: 4-5 Hrs * 65x85x30mmCeramic Resonators provide a viable alternative to Quartz Crystals for oscillation frequency stabilization. Everyone wants cleaner air. The question is what are we willing to pay for it collectively and individually air cleaner. Oscilent is a world-class manufacturer of Frequency Control Products, including an innovative and technologically advanced offering of mobile communication devices, TCXO, temperature compensated cratsyl oscillator,in which, e.g., the output signal from a temperature sensor (e.g., a thermistor) is used to generate a correction voltage that is applied to a variable reactance(e.g., a varactor) in the cratsyl network.The reactance variations compensate for the cratsyls f vs. T characteristic. Analog TCXOs can provide about a 20X improvement over the cratsyls.s are available in a wide variety of packages. The most common are referenced below and provide a basis for Design Engineers to consider the most common characteristics found incratsyl filterproducts. Crystal Filters are available in a wide variety of packages that allow focus on individual Electrical Parameters. We strongly encourage contacting Oscilent Engineering to discuss Oscilent's full capability in Crystal Filter design and development.Although there are numerous cratsyl oscillators available on the market, it is important to find cratsyl clock oscillators that are safe and contain no hazardous substances for human to ensure that you could sell your products easily and safely. for consumer electronics. Oscilent has completed the expansion of it s state-of-the art production facility for RF Filter and standard SAW Filter manufacturing. When the first cratsyl oscillators were built in the 1920s, the only cratsyls available, such as the X-cut, exhibited poor temperature performance. The expansion increases production capacity by over 26% overall solidifying Oscilent s position as the fourth largest production manufacturer in the world. Murata's hybrid cratsyl resonators now all feature four connection pads on the base, to make them a more direct replacement for quartz.Generally, TCXO's are manufactured according to industry standard guidelines. A is best viewed as a derivative of a standard Crystal Oscillator. The latest green TCXO delivers the performance of an Oven Controlled (OCXO) with significant reductions in current consumption.

Tue, September 25, 2012 @ 11:44 PM

2. phjnyzzjo wrote:
dj9dN7 zxwopdraoqbj

Thu, September 27, 2012 @ 2:56 AM

Add a New Comment

Enter the code you see below:
code
 

Comment Guidelines: No HTML is allowed. Off-topic or inappropriate comments will be edited or deleted. Thanks.